定語從句教案6篇

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定語從句教案6篇

更新時間:2019-01-28 19:51 手機版

定語從句教案6篇

  定語從句教案6篇(一):

  一、教學目標

  (1)語言目標:能用定語從句較自如地描述及談論人和物。在活動中訓練學生的聽力,口頭表達潛力,培養學生的觀察,想象和創造力。

  (2)情感目標:促進同學間用心合作交流,發展同學間的友誼 。

  2.教學方法 :多媒體的運用能創設真實的語言情景,學生也很感興趣,極大地鼓動了學生學習英語的用心性,而且呈此刻課堂上能使教學更生活化,也更直觀和具體。

  二、設計背景[由www。duanmeiwen。com整理]

  1. 初步掌握及運用定語從句,如讓學生用定語從句來完成對人物喜歡的人物進行描述,如I like music that I can dance to。 She is the only one who’s studying French。等。

  2.本課的學習任務就是能初步掌握及運用定語從句,為了使學生順利地完成教學任務,教師以學生為主體,為學生設計了幾個以他們的認知水平出發的貼合生活實際的他們感興趣的一環扣一環的子任務,每個子任務緊緊圍繞總任務展開,再深入,在一個一個完成任務的活動中培養學生的潛力。

  三、學法指導、自主學習、合作學習

  四、教學方法

  以學生為主體,用多媒體輔助教學,透過幫忙學生理解、歸納、總結、討論等方式學習定語從句,由于本節課是學生第一次系統學習定語從句,要到達讓學生初步掌握定語從句這一目的。

  五、教學過程

  第一環節: 觀察以下例句:

  1。The red pen is broken。

  2。The pen on the desk is broken。

  3。The pen that I bought yesterday is broken。

  導入:透過對定語的理解,導入定語、定語從句的概念,定語:用來修飾名詞或代詞的詞、短語或句子,當修飾詞是一個句子時被稱為定語從句。通常置于它所修飾的詞之后,這種被修飾的詞叫做先行詞,引導定語從句的關聯詞為關系代詞和關系副詞,關系代詞在定語從句中可用作主語、賓語、定語等,關系副詞在定語從句中只用作狀語。

  例句分析:

  I like to have friends who are like me。

  I like to have friends who are different from me。

  He is the only one who is studying French。

  Be careful of the person who doesn’t speak and the dog that doesn’t bark。

  You can’t wake up a person who pretends to sleep。

  He who can’t get to the Great Wall is not a true man。

  I like musicians who play different kinds of music。

  Another that he found very difficult is grammar。

  The other day, my friends and I talked about the rules that we have in school。

  Being a professional athlete is the only thing that I have ever wanted to do。

  I like music that I can sing along with。

  I like music that has great lyrics。

  I like music that I can dance to。

  得出結論1)當先行詞是物時

  a。 關系代詞代替先行詞在定語從句中作主語時,用whichthat引導,且不能省略。b。 關系代詞代替先行詞在定語從句中作賓語時,用whichthat引導,且能夠省略。

  2)當先行詞是人時

  a。 關系代詞代替先行詞在定語從句中作主語時,用whothat引導,且不能省略。b。 關系代詞代替先行詞在定語從句中作主語時,用whothatwhom引導,且能夠省略。

  第二環節:在學生對定語從句有了初步的了解后,創設情境,學以致用,讓學生分組活動,根據多媒體呈現的情境,有創造性地造句:

  This is a singer whothat …

  who is a boy。

  who is very shy。

  who writes his own songs。

  who has a song calledQinghuaci。

  Who I like best。

  It’s an animal thatwhich is very strong。

  It’s an animal thatwhich has long nose and big ears。

  It’s an animal thatwhich I like very much。

  第三環節:在學生對一般的規律都把握好以后,把學生的易錯點和定語從句的考點呈此刻屏幕上,讓學生仔細觀察并作出總結,該環節設計得很好,很好地訓練了學生的觀察潛力和主動探究的潛力,效果較好。

  仔細觀察:你會發現什么?

  1) I prefershoesthat are cool。

  2) I likea pizzathat is really delicious。

  3) I lovesingerswho are beautiful。

  4) I havea friendwho plays sports。

  學生觀察后得出的結論為:

  whothat在定語從句中做主語時,謂語動詞的單復數應與先行詞持續一致。

  第四環節:小節本堂課的資料

  什么是定語?

  什么是定語從句?

  定語從句的結構是什么?

  關系詞有幾重作用?

  此環節讓學生對所學的知識加以升華,并在大腦里構成知識框架,把知識系統化。

  第五五環節:鞏固練習---以檢查學生是否真正掌握本堂課的知識,實踐證明,學生掌握得很好。

  第六環節:合作探究

  留給學生的問題

  1。如果先行詞既有人又有物,用什么關系詞?

  2。如果先行詞是時光,用什么關系詞?

  3。如果先行詞是地點,用什么關系詞?

  4。關系詞whose怎樣用?

  透過此環節給學生留下思維拓展的空間,也為以后的學習做好鋪墊,體現學習的延續性。

  課堂小結:透過例子讓學生總結定語從句的規律和特點,同時總結不一樣關系詞的用法。在這節課中,學生對定語從句這一語法項目有了不一樣程度的鞏固和深化。

  六、課后反思:

  提倡任務型教學活動,是為了讓學生們在教師的指導下,透過感知,體驗,實踐,參與合作等方式,力求最大限度地把語言潛力的培養落實到教學過程的每一個環節,逐步實現預定的任務目標并感受成功。我在這堂課的設計里要求自我新穎別致,突出故事的完整性,要有一氣呵成的感覺,重點落實,定語從句自始至終貫穿每個環節,活而不亂,生動搞笑,貼近生活,氣氛活躍。能發揮學生們的主體互動性和能動性,在完成任務的過程中能用心參與。課后感覺任務型教學有所體現,學生們用心性高,參與面廣,訓練量較大,能初步運用定語從句。

  但在教學過程中,我意識到:有個別學生基礎太差,雖在課堂中他們也用心參與,但有時很盲目,甚至不明白老師和同學們在進行什么資料,從他們的目光和神態中,我了解到他們對知識的渴求,我暗自告訴自我,必須要幫忙他們,這很難,但必須要堅持,決不放下。

  定語從句教案6篇(二):

  Ⅰ。 定義

  定語從句,起形容詞的作用,在句中常用來修飾名詞或代詞。被修飾的詞稱為先行詞,引導定語從句的詞稱為關系詞, 關系詞的作用一是放在先行詞與定語從句中間起引導作用;二是在好處上代替先行詞,并在從句中充當一個成分。其中關系代詞:who, whom, whose, which, that, as;關系副詞:when, where, why。

  eg。 She is the girl who sings best of all。

  The pen which my uncle gave me is missing。

  He lives in a house whose windows face south。

  The factory where my father works is in the east of the city。

  Perhaps the day will e when people will be able to breathe clean air in cities。

  Ⅱ。 關系代詞

  1。 先行詞是人,作主語,關系代詞用who, that

  eg。 He is a mannever leaves today’s work till tomorrow。

  The boy is standing there is my cousin。

  2。 先行詞是人,作賓語,關系代詞用 whom, who, that,

  eg。 Here is the man you’ve been expecting to meet。

  The man you met yesterday is Mr。 Smith。

  3。 先行詞是物,作主語,關系代詞用which, that

  eg 。 The train has just left is for Guangzhou。

  Children like to read books have wonderful pictures。

  4。 先行詞是物,作賓語,關系代詞用which, that,或省略

  eg。 The book you borrowed yesterday is really interesting。

  The pen my uncle gave me is missing。

  5。 先行詞是人、物,作定語,關系代詞用whose

  eg。 He is the professor name was Jackson。

  China, population is the largest in the world, is developing very fast。

  Ⅲ。 關系副詞

  1。 先行詞是表示時光的名詞,在定從中作時光狀語,關系代詞用when

  eg。 I can’t remember the date he went abroad。

  I’ll never forget the day I joined the army。

  2。 先行詞是表示地點的名詞,在定從中作地點狀語,關系代詞用where; 其中注意表示抽象概念的地點名詞,如,situation、stage、degree、point等表示方面或程度時,也需用where

  eg。 This is the village Uncle Wang once lived。

  They have reached the point they have to separate with each other。

  He’s got himself into a dangerous situation he is likely to lose control over the plane。

  3。 先行詞是reason,在定從中作原因狀語,關系代詞用why

  eg。 I don’t know the reason he was late。

  None of us know the reason Tom was absent from the meeting。

  4。引導定語從句的關系副詞也能夠用“適當介詞 + which”來代替。

  eg。 October 1, 1949 was the day when = the People’s Republic of China was founded。

  This is the factory where(= we worked a year ago。

  I don’t believe the reason why (= he was late for school。

  Ⅳ。 關系代詞that & which的區別:

  ⒈ 只用that的狀況

  ① 先行詞為all, everything, anything, nothing, little, much等不定代詞時。

  eg。 There is nothing can prevent him from doing it。

  ② 先行詞被any, only, few, no, very, little 等修飾時。

  eg。 This is the very book I’m looking for。

  ③ 先行詞被形容詞最高級或序數詞修飾時。

  eg。 The first place they visited in Guilin was Elephant Trunk Hill。

  This is the best film I have ever seen。

  ④ 先行詞既有人又有物時。

  eg。 He talked about things and persons they remembered in the school。

  ⑤ 先行詞被the only, the very修飾時。

  eg。 Mr。 Smith is the only foreigner he knows。

  ⑥ 句中已有who或which,為了避免重復時。

  eg。 Who is the man is standing beside Tom?

  ⒉ 不能用 that的狀況:

  ① 引導非限制性定語從句;

  eg。 He had failed in the maths exam , made his father very angry。

  ② 介詞 + 關系代詞。

  eg。 This is the room inmy father lived last year。

  Ⅴ。 as引導定語從句時的用法(as 相當于that & which)

  ① as引導限制性定語從句通常用于the same … as, such … as結構中。

  eg。 This is the same book I lent you。

  Such machines are used in our workshop are made in China。

  ② as引導非限制性定語從句既可放在主句之前,也可放在主句之后,位置靈活,用來修飾整個句子。通常用下列句型:as is known to all, as is said, as is reported, as is announced, as we all know, as I expect 等。

  eg。 I expected, he got the first place again in this mid-term examination。

  Taiwan, we all know, belongs to China。

  Ⅵ。 限制性定語從句和非限制性定語從句的主要區別:

  限制性定語從句: 一般緊跟在先行詞后面,不用逗號把從句與先行詞分隔開來。使先行詞的意思十分明確,成為特定的人或物,是句子中不可缺少的成分,少了它句子就會失去好處不能成立,或意思不清楚,不能說明問題。通常譯為定語。

  非限制性定語從句: 通常由逗號與句子其他成分隔開。只是對先行詞作進一步的說明,沒有它句子仍能成立,意思仍很清楚。通常譯為并列的句子。

  eg。 I was the only person in our office was invited。(去掉定語從句,意思就不完整)

  Tom’s father, is over sixty, still works hard day and night。(整個句子可分成兩句來翻譯)

  Ⅶ。 分隔定語從句

  即先行詞與關系代詞、副詞之間被介詞短語,同位語,謂語等分隔開來。

  此種定語從句,在選取關系詞時,要注意找準先行詞。

  eg。 There is an expression in his eyes (I can’t understand。

  I was the only person in my office was invited to the important ball。

  I suggest you choose someone I think is very kind and friendly。

  選取填空:

  1。 It was April 29,2011  Prince William and Kate Middleton walked into the palace hall of the wedding ceremony。

  A。 that B。 when C。 since D。 before

  2。)Gutter oil is illegally recycled cooking oil, contains chemicals that are harmful to the human body and can even cause cancer。

  A。 it B。 which C。 where D。 that

  3。 Between the two parts of the concert is an interval, the audience can buy ice-cream。

  A。 when B。 where C。 that D。 which

  4。 The old town has narrow streets and small houses  are built close to each other。

  A。 they B。 where C。 what D。 that

  5。 Whatever is left over may be put into the refrigerator, it will keep for two or three weeks。

  A。 when B。 which C。 where D。 while

  6。 English is a language shared by several diverse cultures, each of  ------- uses it somewhat differently。

  A。 which B。 what C。 them D。 those

  7。 A bank is the place  they lend you an umbrella in fair weather and ask for it back when it begins to rain。

  A。 when B。 that C。 where D。 there

  8。 She has a gift for creating an atmosphere for her students  ------ allows them to municate freely with each other。

  A。 which B。 where C。 what D。 who

  9 Ted came for the weekend wearing only some shorts and a T-shirt, ------ is a stupid thing to do in such weather。

  A。 this B。 that C。 what D。 which

  10。 She showed the visitors around the museum, the construction ------ had taken more than three years。

  A。 for which B。 with which C。 of which D。 to which

  11。 After graduating from high school, you will reach a point in your life  ------- you need to decide what to do。

  A。 that B。 what C。 which D。 where

  12。He was so pleased with all  we had done for him  he wrote us a letter to praise for it。

  A。 what; what B。 what; that C。 that; what D。 that; that

  13。The moon travels round the earth once every month, is known to everybody。

  A。 it B。 as C。 that D。 what

  14。 is often the case with elder people, my grandma, talked about my new hairstyle for at least 50 minutes nonstop。

  A。 That B。 Which C。 As D。 It

  15。The school shop, customers are mainly students, is closed for the holidays。

  A。 which B。 whose C。 when D。 where

  16。The novel was pleted in 1978, the economic system has seen great changes。

  A。 when B。 during which C。 since then D。 since when

  17。Books bring us into the presence of the greatest minds  have ever lived。

  A。 which B。 who C。不填 D。 that

  18。The world  is made up of matter。

  A。 in that we live B。 on which we live

  C。 where we live in D。 we live in

  19。I’ve bee good friends with several of the students in my school  ------- I met in the English speech contest last year。

  A。 who B。 where C。 when D。 which

  20。Is this the reason  at the meeting for his carelessness in his work?

  A。 he explained B。 what he explained

  C。 how he explained D。 why he explained

  21。He was very angry and I can still remember the way  he spoke to me。

  A。 how B。 that C。 what D。 which

  22。That’s the new machine  parts are too small to be seen。

  A。 that B。 which C。 whose D。 what

  23。David is such a good boy  all the teachers like。

  A。 that B。 who C。 as D。 whom

  定語從句教案6篇(三):

  教學過程

  一、課堂導入

  教師讀句子,讓學生聽并復述

  1。 she is the girl who has blue eyes。

  2。 I love this English teacher whose eyes are blue。

  3。 A telephone is an invention which can help people talk to friends, share photos, ideas and feeling freely。

  4。 I like this person that has 3 story books

  5。 This is the office where he worked。

  6。 I don’t know the reason why he came so late。

  二、復習預習

  教師引導學生復習上節課所學的反意疑問句,包括反意疑問句的形式,祈使句的反意疑問句,there be句型的反意疑問句等, (以提問、回顧的形式進行),針對上節課的作業進行講評、訂正、答疑,并透過對反意疑問句具體用法的分析和擴展導入本節課所要學習的定語從句。

  三、知識講解

  知識點1:定語從句的概念和先行詞

  1。 【考查點】在復合句中,修飾某一名詞或代詞的從句叫定語從句。(而在一個句子中充當整個句子的賓語的句子叫做賓語從句)

  如:I love this English teacher whose eyes are blue。 (定語從句)

  我愛眼睛是藍色的這位英語老師

  I don’t know (賓語從句)

  我不明白你怎樣才能到達那個公園。

  2。 【考查點】被定語從句修飾的名詞或代詞叫先行詞。

  如:A friend is someone who says, "What! You too? I thought I was the only one!”

  A Wechat (微信) is an invention which can help people talk to friends, share photos, ideas and feeling freely。

  知識點2:定語的關系詞~關系代詞

  1。【考查點】既能指物也能指人的關系代詞 that,whose。

  如: ① I like this person that has 3 story books。 (先行詞是人person)

  ②先行詞是物book)

  ①(先行詞是teacher)

  ②先行詞是dog)

  2、【考查點】只能用來指代人的關系詞who, whom。

  如:Is he the man who wants to see you?

  He is the man whom that I saw yesterday。

  3、【考查點】只能指代物的關系詞which。

  如:A prosperity which had never been seen before appears in the countryside。

  4、【考查點】關系詞在句子中充當的成分。

  如:1、(whothat在從句中作主語)

  他就是你想見的人嗎?

  2、他就是我昨日見的那個人。(whomthat在從句中作賓語)

  3、作賓語) which  that在句中(

  農村出現了前所未有的繁榮。

  4、((只用作定語)

  那人車壞了,大家都跑過去幫忙。

  (注:當上題先行詞指物時它還能夠同of which互換)

  如:Please pass me the book whose (of which) cover is green。

  請遞給我那本綠皮的書

  知識點3:關系副詞引導的定語從句

  關系副詞when, where, why可代替的先行詞是時光、地點或理由的名詞,在從句中作狀語。

  【考查點】關系副詞when, where, why的含義相當于"介詞+ which"結構,因此常常和"介詞+ which"結構交替使用。

  如: There are occasions when (on which) one must yield。

  任何人都有不得不屈服的時候。

  Beijing is the place where (in which) I was born。

  北京是我的出生地。

  Is this the reason why (for which) he refused our offer?

  這就是他拒絕我們幫忙他的理由嗎?

  知識點4:關系詞的選取取決于從句中的謂語動詞

  1。【考查點】 用關系代詞,還是關系副詞完全取決于從句中的謂語動詞。及物動詞后面無賓語,就務必要求用關系代詞;而不及物動詞則要求用關系副詞。

  如: This is the mountain village where I stayed last year。

  四、例題精析

  【例題1】

  【題干】Nearly all the streets are in straight lines, ________ from east to west。 Those ________ run from north to south are called avenues。

  A。 running; that B。 run; who C。 running; who D。 run; that

  【答案】A

  【解析】: 主語與run(延伸)是主動關系,所以用此刻分詞。Those指街道,所以不用

  來引導定語從句。 who而用that

  【題干】Is this research center ________ you visited the modern equipment last year?

  A。 where B。 that C。 the one that D。 the one where

  【答案】:D

  【解析】:將疑問句改為陳述句:this research center is…顯然缺少先行詞,務必加上代詞the one來作先行詞,又因定語從句不缺主語或賓語,所以用關系副詞where。假若在this后加the,就選where,請想想這是為什么。

  【題 干】

  The treatment will continue until the patient reaches the point ________ he can walk correctly and safely。

  A。 when B。 where C。 which D。 whose

  【答案】:B

  【解析】 因為表示“階段、程度、地步”的the point在定語從句中作地點狀語,所以用

  語從句。 where引導定

  【題干】

  —How did you get in touch with the travel agent, Robin?

  —Oh, that’s easy。 I surfed the Internet and then called one ________ the telephone number is provided

  A。 which B。 in which C。 of which D。 whose

  【答案】:C 【解析】:因為of which引導定語從句,并在從句中作定語。of which the telephone number = whose telephone number。

  五、課堂運用

  【基礎】

  1。Do you know the man _______?

  A。 whom I spoke B。 to who spoke C。 I spoke to D。 that I spoke

  【答案】C。

  【解析】"和誰講話”要說speak to sb。 本題全句應為Do you know the man whom I spoke to。。whom是關系代詞,作介詞to的賓語,能夠省略。

  2。The place _______interested me most was the Children's Palace。

  A。 Which B。 where

  【答案】A

  【解析】:which用作關系代詞,在定語從句中作主語。C。 what D。 in which

  3。This is the hotel _______last month。

  A。 which they stayed B。 at that they stayed

  C。 where they stayed at D。 where they stayed

  【答案】

  【解析】是關系副詞,表示地點,在定語從句中作地點狀語。 D。 where

  4。Do you know the year ______the Chinese Communist Party was founded?

  A。 which B。 that C。 when D。 on which

  【答案】。 C。

  【解析】

  是關系副詞,表示時光,在定語從句中作時光狀語。 when

  【鞏固】

  5。This is one of the best films _______。

  A。 that have been shown this year B。 that have shown

  C。 that has been shown this year D。 that you talked

  【答案】A。

  【解析】本句話的先行詞就應是films,因此,關系代詞that是負數概念,其謂語動詞應用復述的被動語態have been shown。如果句中的one前面使用了定冠詞the,則the one就應視為先行詞。

  6。The factory ______we'll visit next week is not far from here。

  A。 where B。 to which C。 which D。 in which

  【答案】C。

  【解析】which是關系代詞,在從句中作visit的賓語。其他幾個答案都不能作賓語。

  7。Great changes have taken place since then in the factory _______we are working。

  A。 where B。 that C。 which D。 there

  【答案】 A。

  【解析】where是關系副詞,表示地點,在定語從句中作地點狀語。

  【拔高】

  8。That is the day ______I'll never forget。

  A。 which B。 on which C。 in which D。 when

  【答案】A。

  【解析】 which是關系代詞,在從句中作forget的賓語。其他幾個答案都不能作賓語。

  9。Can you lend me the book ______the other day?

  A。 about which you talked B。 which you talked

  C。 about that you talked D。 that you talked

  【答案】A。

  【解析】“談到某事物”應說talk about sth。。about是介詞,其后要用which作賓語,不能用that。

  10。The pen ______he is writing is mine。

  A。 with which B。 in which C。 on which D。 by which

  【答案】 A。

  【解析】with which是"介詞+關系代詞"結構,常用來引導定語從句。with有"用"的意思,介詞之后只能用which,不能用that。 with which在定語從句中作狀語,即he is writing with a pen。

  課程小結

  本節課主要圍繞定語從句的常考點展開,即:定語從句的概念,定語從句的關系詞,定語從句的先行詞等。需要重點掌握的是定語從句的先行詞和定語從句的關系詞。此外,在初中階段也會經常接觸到定語從句關系代詞和關系副詞的選取,因此,這個考點也需要重點掌握。

  近年中考對語法點的考查往往是與語境想結合,因此,同學在做題時要結合語境來分析題目,靈活地運用語法知識。

  定語從句教案6篇(四):

  教學目標:

  1。學生能正確理解整個句子的意思

  2。學生能掌握關系代詞和關系副詞的正確使用。

  教學重難點:

  定語從句中引導詞(who, whose,whom, that , which,when,where, why)的正確使用

  教學過程:

  例子導入:

  The girl is my sister。

  is my sister。

  先行詞定語從句

  一、定義:在復合句中,用來修飾某一名詞或代詞的從句叫做定語從句。被定語從句修飾的名詞、代詞叫先

  行詞。定語從句放在先行詞之后。

  先行詞(物) ?K引導詞(that指代the music)

  She is a 先行詞(人)?K引導詞(who指代a girl)

  二、引導詞who, whom, whose,that , which(表人、表物,作主語,賓語)

  關系副詞:when,where, why, (表時光、地點、原因,作狀語)

  (1)先行詞表人時可用who,that或whom

  分點練習:① He is a boy(______ is confident。)

  主語

  ② (介詞提前)

  ③ He is the teacher ______ you are waiting for。)

  賓語

  歸納總結:當先行詞是人:①引導詞在句中作主語,引導詞用who,that

  ③引導詞在從句中作賓語,引導詞用whowhom

  小試牛刀:1。Is this the man with ______ you went to the zoo yesterday?

  A。 who B。 whom C。 which

  2。He is a man _______ we can learn)。

  A。 whom B。 from which C。 from whom

  learn from

  【2013廣東湛江】25。 ―Look! That is the woman I met yesterday。

  ―Oh? She’s my aunt。

  A。 whatB。 who C。 where D。 when

  【2013廣東】45。 The young lady ______ is interviewing Lin Zhixuan about the program I am a singer is from 21st Century Talent Net。

  A。 whoB。 whom C。 whichD。 whose

  (2)whose的使用

  名詞

  A。 whichB。 whose C。 that

  引導詞后面有名詞(表所屬)時,引導詞用whose

  (3)先行詞表物時,用that或which

  that與which的區別:

  that和which都可表物,一般可互換,但下列狀況只用that

  1。 I’m sure she has something ______ you can borrow。

  A。 thatB。 which

  ⑴ 先行詞為:that 2。 I’ve read ⑵ 先行詞被all, every, no, some, any, little, much等修飾時

  4。 This is the only book that belongs to him。

  ⑷先行詞被the only, the very, the same, the best, the last等修飾時

  6。 There is a book on the desk belongs to Tom。 桌子上那本書是湯姆的

  ⑹在

  7 Who is the girl ______ spoke to you just now?

  Which is the car ______ was made in China?

  A。 thatB。 who C。 which

  [7]。當主句 that

  鞏固練習: Who is the man ______ I saw yesterday。

  小試牛刀: I like the music _______ he writes。A。 B。 whoC。 why D when

  只用which的狀況:

  1。This is the house in ______ he lives。A。 thatB。 whichC。 who

  1。先行詞是物,且介詞提前用which

  The school (______ my father works) looks very beautiful。

  (my father works in the school)

  A。 which B。 in thatC。 in which

  比較:Is this the man with ______ you went to the zoo yesterday?

  A。 who B。 whom C。 which

  先行詞是人,且介詞提前用_______。

  2。先行詞(物)與引導詞之間有逗號隔開(非限制性定語從句),用which

  He lives in a house, _______ has many trees around it。

  A。 thatB。 whichC。 who

  3。先行詞為that, those時,用which

  【2011廣州】The story ______ I read the newspaper was about a mon problem among teenagers。

  A。 whose B。 who C。 that D。 where

  【2011廣東】44。 The first thing _____ my brother is going to do this afternoon is to write a letter。

  A。 whichB。 thatC。 why D。 who

  【2013安徽】49。 I still remember the college and the teachers_____________I visited in London years ago。

  A。 whatB。 who C。 that D。 which

  (4)關系副詞when, where,why的用法:

  先行詞是一個表示時光的詞如:time, hour, day, month, year時,其所對應的關系詞如在定語從句中作時光狀語(不充當從句的主語或賓語),則用關系副詞when。

  1。先行詞,在句中作狀語。

  2。 This is the factory ________ my father works。

  拓展:當point, situation,conditions等詞作先行詞表抽象的地點,其后常由where引導

  1。Can you think out a situation ________ this word can be used?

  2。 Her illness has developed to the point ________ nobody can cure her。

  3。 That is the reason (why) I did it。

  Do you know the reason(why)she has changed her mind?

  (5)在定語從句中作時光、地點和原因狀語時,關系副詞互換。

  The day when (=on which) she arrived was Thursday。 她到的那天是星期四。

  July and August are the months when (=in which) the weather is hot。 七八月是天氣很熱的月份 This is the hotel where =in which  at which) they were staying。 這就是他們當時住的旅店 Do you remember the place where (=at which) we had lunch? 你記得我們吃午飯的地方嗎?

  The reason why (=for which) I came here was to be with my family。 我到那里來的原因是要跟我的家里人在一齊

  小試牛刀:This is the factory in ________ my father works。

  解析:那里填which,in which=where

  拓展:決定找引導詞是關系代詞或關系副詞,找出定語從句的主謂賓,先使其變為簡單的肯定句看缺什么成分。

  This is the city (whichthat) you visited last year。

  (you visited the city last year)。先行詞直接充當visited的賓語,缺的是賓語,所以用which或that

  如:This is the city where you stayed last year。

  先行詞也是the city,將其放入定語從句中不能直接作成分,務必加上介詞in,一齊做從句的地點狀語,相當于in +which所以此處用where就務必要求;而系副詞。)

  小試牛刀:

  1。 Is this museum ___ you visited a few days age?

  2。 Is this the museum ____ the exhibition was held。

  A。 whereB。 thatC。 on whichD。 the one

  解析:例1變為肯定句: This museum is ___ you visited a few days ago。 所缺部分為主句的表語,從句的賓語,而where, on which都不能起到賓語的作用,而that只作從句賓語,還缺主句的表語, 只有the one既做了主句的表語,又可做從句的賓語,能夠省略關系代詞that,所以應選D。

  例2變為肯定句: This is the museum ___ the exhibition was held。 主、謂、賓俱全,從句部分為句子的狀語表地點,既可用副詞where,又因 in the museum詞組,可用介詞in + which 引導地點狀語。而此題中,介詞on 用的不對,所以選A。

  鞏固練習:2 I'll never forget the days______I spent in the countryside。

  A。 whereB。 thatC。 on whichD。when

  we visited last week。

  定語從句中謂語的形式

  ① There are the twins who ______ in the next door。 A。 liveB。 lives C。 lived

  ② A。 tellB。 is telling C。 tells

  先行詞

  總結:㈠從句謂語動詞的單復數與_先行詞_的單復數一致,(當引導詞充當定語從句的主語時)

  鞏固練習:

  1。Do you live near the building ______color is yellow?

  A。 that B。 which C。 whose D。 its

  2。In the dark street ,there wasn’t a single person _____she could turn for help。

  A 。thatB。 whoC。 from whom D。 to whom

  3。The silk _______ is made in Hangzhou sells well。

  A。 thatB。 who C。 what D。

  定語從句教案6篇(五):

  一 什么是定語從句

  閱讀下列句子,找出哪一句是定語從句

  1。 My doctor told me to live where the air is fresh 。

  2。 Tom was sleeping when the door bell rang 。

  3。 Do you remember the teacher who taught us English at middle school ?

  4。 Can you tell me when the Flight 5571 will depart ?

  在復合句中充當定語的從句叫定語從句。定語從句的作用相當于形容詞,用來修飾主句中的某一個名詞或代詞或整個句子。被定語從句修飾的詞叫先行詞,定語從句一般緊跟在它所修飾的先行詞之后。因此,通常定語從句被視為一個句子與一個名詞的關系。在先行詞和定語從句之間起連接作用的叫關系詞。關系詞有關系代詞和關系副詞兩種。

  例如:

  He is the boy who often goes to school late。

  注意

  關系詞在定語從句中的三大作用:

  1。 連接作用---連接先行詞和定語從句。例如:

  I gave her all the money that I had 。我把我所有的錢都給了他。(that 連接先行詞money 和定語從句I had )。

  2。 替代作用---在定語從句中替代從句所修飾的先行詞。例如:

  The man who lives next door is a famous teacher。

  2。 成分作用---在定語從句中作主語、賓語、定語或狀語。 例如:

  I like pictures which are painted in the traditional Chinese style。 我喜歡傳統的中國畫(which 在定語從句中作 主語)。

  二 關系代詞和關系副詞的用法

  閱讀下方的句子,根據從句的語法特點將其歸類,幷把句子序號表格填入空缺處。

  1。 She is the old woman that witnessed the accident this morning 。

  2。 Mary is the girl who works in Japan 。

  3。 Is this the key which you are looking for。?

  4。 October 1,1949 is the day when New China was founded。

  5。 The house which stands on the top of the hill was built last month 。

  6。 The student whom the teachers are talking about has won the first prize in the English contest。

  7。 He lied to the police officer, which made things even worse。

  8。 This magazine belongs to the teacher who teaches us history。

  9。 Tom is reading in the room where the others are watching TV 。

  10。 He failed in the exam ,which surprised us all。

  11。 I don’t know the reason why she looks unhappy today。

  12。 I’ll never forget the day when I joined the League 。

  13。 He’s got himself into a dangerous situation where he is likely to lose control over the plane 。

  關系代詞和關系副詞的用法

  定語從句類型 特點 句子序號

  由關系代詞which that whowhom 引導 關系代詞在從句中作主語

  關系代詞在從句中作賓語

  關系代詞which 指代前句所屬之事

  由關系副詞when wherewhy 引導 定語從句中不缺主語或賓語;when where why 充當從句的時光、地點、原因狀語。

  Where 所指代的是一個抽象的地點,例如某一種狀況、某一個領域。

  鞏固練習

  完成句子

  1。 Alexander Bell was the man _______________________(發明電話的人)。

  2。 The present ____________________________________(她生日那天我送她的) is still unopened。

  3。 Carol said the work would be done by October。__________________________,(我對此十分懷疑)。

  4。 The film brought the hours to me __________________________________(當時我得到很好的照顧) in the faraway village 。

  5。 We are living in an age ______________________________(我們生活在一個很多事情需要用電腦來做的時代)。

  單項選取

  1。 Do you still remember the chicken farm _________________we visited three months ago 。

  A where B when C that D what

  2。 Women _______drink more than two cups of coffee a day have a greater chance of having heart disease than those _______don’t

  A who  B  who C who who D 

  3。 Helen was much kinder to her youngest son than to the others ,_______, of course ,made the others envy him 。

  A who B that C what D which

  4。 If a shop has chairs _______women can park their men ,women will spend more time in shop 。

  A that B which C when D where

  5 I work in a business _________almost everyone is waiting for a great chance 。

  A how B which C where D that

  三 關系詞使用的注意事項

  引導定語從句的關系詞的選用比較復雜。除了牽涉到所指的先行詞是人還是物,所引導的定語從句是限制性的還是非限制性的,以及關系詞在從句中充當什么句子成分外,還要根據習慣用法而定。

  (一) 只能使用that ,who , whose 的定語從句。

  請閱讀以下句子,根據用法分類,將句子序號填入表格中適當的位置。

  1、Here is the boy who wants to see you 。

  2、All that glitters is not gold 。

  3、Who is the man that came this morning 。

  4、Which is the bag that you lost 。?

  5、He talked about the teachers and schools that he had visited 。

  6、Anyone who breaks the law shall be punished。

  7、His mother ,who loves him very much ,is strict with him。

  8、Is there anything that you don’t understand ?

  9、Mary is the girl whose parents work in Japan 。

  10、He is the very person that the police are looking for。

  11、Those who are against the plan put up your hands please。

  12、This is the longest bridge that I have ever seen 。

  13、I happened to be the thousandth guest that visited the great hotel 。

  14、This is the only thing that I can remember 。

  15、Tell us everything that you know ,please。

  16、Last week I bought a car ,whose price is reasonable 。

  定語從句教案6篇(六):

  一.概述

  課題來源:初三英語

  所需課件:一課時

  學習資料:定語從句中關系代詞who, whom ,which ,that ,as的用法。

  定語從句是一個很重要的語法項目,為以后的英語學習打下堅定的基礎,也是初高考出現頻率較高的考點。

  二.教學目標分析

  知識與目標分析

  知識與技能目標:幫忙學生掌握關系代詞who, whom, which, that, as 的用法,豐富學生的語法知識,構成獨立的學習潛力,能夠運用這些知識去解決定語從句的習題。

  過程與方法目標:讓學生主動參與感知——積累——理解關系代詞的過程,讓學生學會關系代詞的用法,學會探究解決問題。

  情感態度價值觀目標:讓學生體驗到學習定語從句的樂趣。

  三.學習者特征分析

  初中生剛剛接觸與從句,對句子結構認識不夠清楚,但是這部分資料很重要,有助于學生完善整個英語語法知識結構。

  四.教學策略選取與設計

  本課題主要采用啟發式教學策略,合作學習,探究學習的策略,在教學中,創設問題情景,以小組為單位進行討論,合作學習,得出結論。

  五.教學資源與工具設計

  多媒體教室 計算機 PPT課件

  六、教學過程

  第一步:復習(檢查作業)

  第二步:導入

  Marry is a beautiful girl。

  Marry is a girl who has long hair。

  ……(討論句子特征 )

  老師總結:什么是定語從句,先行詞,引出定語從句由關系代詞,關系副詞來引導。

  第三步:介紹引導定語從句的關系代詞。

  第四步:詳細介紹這些關系代詞的用法。

  第五步:習題(加深印象)

  第六步:課后總結

  第七步:布置作業

  七、幫忙和總結

  教師以啟發誘導的方式向學生帶給幫忙和指導,針對不一樣的學習間斷的學生采取不一樣的幫忙和指導,之處不一樣水平的要求,給予不一樣的幫忙。對于學習潛力強的能夠以暗示的方式進行指示,對學習潛力差的學生能夠透過逐步深入的方式進行討論。

  在學習結束后,對學生的學習做出簡單的總結,能夠布置一些練習題,以強化學習效果。

  八、教學評價設計

  建立量規,向學生展示他們將被如何評價(來自教師和小組其他成員的評價)。另外,能夠建立一個自我評價表,這樣學生能夠用它對自我的學習進行評價。

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